Emergency Liquid Candles

 PHOS in a can

PHOS in a can

From the beginning our candles where designed for use during or after an emergency type situation; such as a tornado, earthquake, flood, or other types of natural disasters where standard candles or lamps could be damaged beyond use. These candles can be used as a daily candle as well. They give off enough light to comfortably read a book.

These types of candles are also called a Liquid Candle they are an open flame candle. Please remember when using one of these candles always:

BURN WITHIN SIGHT
KEEP AWAY FROM THINGS THAT BURN
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN
ALL OPEN FLAMES EMIT CARBON MONOXIDE

When using any open flame in a small closed environment you need fresh air so remember to leave a window or door open (till it becomes ajar: LOL) enough to maintain fresh air.

Our candles can be used with different types of fuel which produce a single flame.
Do Not Mix Other Fuels Together In Any Liquid Candle.

With the cap firmly in place these candles are water tight and will float. However they float upside down so if you pick one of these candles up that is filled with fuel and it has been upside down please allow some time upright before lighting.

The Candles body
Is a press-formed steel can with a rolled steel top (like a food can) with a threaded mouth. The threaded steel cap has a permanent non-removable seal. The empty candle weighs approx. 1 ounce and holds 6 ounces of fuel.

The Wick
Is braided fiberglass held in place with a  brass tube soldered to an insert for the mouth of the can. The insert can be removed by pulling the metal ring attached. At this point the fuel can be added and/or wick replaced. This all fits under the lid and is kept water tight.

Our candles can be activated as any other candle would be; by applying flame to the wick.

Extinguishing the candles flame:
We do not recommend using the cap to cover the candled or snuff it out as this could compromise the seal. Just blow the candle out, let the wick cool for 1 or 2 seconds and then replace the lid.

Fuel:
Due to the many respiratory ailments common today I have given some MSDS (manufacture safety data sheet) links for these fuels so you can research them and chose the best for your use. We do not recommend the use of Lamp Oil, Kerosene, or Heating Oils as these will burn with a heavy soot.

Liquid Paraffin Wax / Paraffin Oil:
MSDS: http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/docs/icb.topic796497.files/paraffinoil.htm

Denatured Alcohol with a 90% or greater alcohol content – Marine Stove:
MSDS: Fuel http://www.paynesmarine.com/documents/CaptPhabMarineStoveFuel_000.pdf

Grain Alcohol: (caution invisible flame)
http://www.sciencelab.com/msds.php?msdsId=9923956

91% Isopropyl Alcohol – Rubbing Alcohol:
https://www.lewisu.edu/academics/biology/pdf/isopropanol_91.pdf

I also suggest that if you use our candles with other fuels paint your candle  (paint is more permanent than a mark) for easy identification. Our favorite fuel is Liquid paraffin or some call it paraffin oil. Recently I have been keeping  one candle for use with Grain Alcohol for lunches at the shop, this way I can cook faster as the flame burns hotter and cleaner although the flame is very hard to see. When warming foods in a can like soup, beans or boiling water use a lid of some kind set so that it can vent or you will never reach a boil.

Filling the candles:
Remove the lid and while holding the candle firmly on a flat surface with one hand, grasp the key ring that is inside the mouth of the candle with the other hand and give it a short, but sharp Jerk; the insert will POP out. Fill the candle with fuel, replace insert pushing it in till it snaps into place, then replace the lid or light and enjoy.

Liquid Paraffin fuel-filled candles can also be stored in many locations for long or short term. Some of my candles have 5 year old liquid paraffin and they still light at the first flame from a match. I keep one out in our storage shed. In the middle of summer, the shed can reach 100 degrees or hotter on the south wall and the candle has never swelled or oozed fuel. While in the middle of an ice storm the temperature can drop to below zero and I can still light the candle. The paraffin is almost a solid but I can take it and light it. If the flame is real low all I have to do is shake it and the flame grows, this will happen three to five times with the flame slowly getting bigger as the paraffin starts to warm, it will continue to burn from there.
We don’t keep these candles on a shelf for decorations as all our decorative candles are glass and their paraffin is five years old and still lights the first time-every time. We store these candles with our emergency kit and camping supplies. We use them all the time in the shop for small heating jobs such as shrinking shrink tubing.

You can even store a candle in the trunk of your car or camper trailer with out the risk of rupture. The theory behind this is that if and when a metal container fails (they will over time if they become damaged in any way), what happens when it does rupture ? In our situation, will the fuel ignite upon rupture from a spark caused by the separation of steal?
Liquid Paraffin Wax is an oil with a high flash-point (200 degrees or higher) and has a low vapor point (the vapor is what lights first then the liquid). Will the vapor mixed with the oxygen in the air ignite from a spark from the can?
This is very unlikely because of the low vapor plus the spark having to be 200 degrees or hotter and have a 2% to 12% mixture to oxygen just to light the vapor making the chances very low that the right set of conditions will exist at the right time.

Here are 2 ways for heating cans that I put together in less than 15 min. The coat hanger made a grate while the hook was used on the tripod,The string is for tieing the tripod and attaching the hook , I used a P 38 can opener to remove the can lid and to put 2 slots in the side under the rim then used a screw to open the slot for the wire handle.

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